When seeking to keep your body in a good state, you should primarily make sure that your diet and lifestyle are conducive to this. However, taking vitamin supplements can be helpful, too; writing for Be Well, Dr Frank Lipman calls them “your nutritional pit crew, standing at the ready to make those quick adjustments, tweaks and fixes to your internal engines”.

Still, when choosing vitamins to take, make sure that they include all of those listed below.

Vitamin B12

This vitamin is vital for the health of your heart and bones – and, once consumed, is stored in body tissue including the kidneys and liver. If you fall short of sufficient vitamin B12, the adverse results could include bone fractures, weak muscles, and lessened memory.

Vitamin B12 is in many animal products, including raw milk and grass-fed beef; therefore, it is vital that vegetarians and vegans especially seek vitamin B12 supplements, Healthy Panda notes. They could be rewarded with a body that can better digest and absorb food.

Vitamin C

The beneficial effect of this vitamin for treating scurvy has been known for centuries – and, more recently, studies have noticed that it can diminish side effects of stage 3 or 4 cancer. Common colds, influenza, and infectious diseases can also be easier to fend off with vitamin C.

Given this vitamin’s abundance in oranges and other citrus fruits, a supplement might not always be necessary. Still, you should take one if any doubt remains about your vitamin C intake.

Vitamin D

Like vitamin C, this vitamin can assist in preventing colds and flu. It is also known to be healthy for the heart and bones and can dramatically slash cancer rates.

While you could get a lot of your necessary intake of vitamin D from the sun alone, most people – particularly if they avert vitamin D-rich foods like fatty fish – can typically benefit from a vitamin D supplement.

Vitamin E

You could be nutty – in a good way, we emphasise – to take vitamin E, as this antioxidant is in certain organic nuts including hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts, and pecans. It’s also in spinach; maybe Popeye was utilising vitamin E’s body-healing effect when his muscles grew?

As this vitamin also boosts the immune system and fights cancer, you should look for an appropriate supplement if you aren’t currently getting the recommended daily amount of vitamin E.

Vitamin K2

The plus points of vitamin K2 are often unjustly overlooked. This vitamin can help bring calcium to parts of your body, including your teeth and bones, needing it. Vitamin K2 also facilitates calcium’s transfer from arteries to bones and so can help maintain heart health.

A deficiency of vitamin K2 would put you at greater risk of picking up cardiac problems. If you fear that you might already have such an issue, you could arrange for a cardiac screening at Highgate Hospital in London and so put yourself on the path to treatment if necessary. Nonetheless, we emphasise that prevention is better than cure.